Most people know that consuming ample calcium and vitamin D are critical to bone health and the prevention of osteoporosis. A review of the research on diet and osteoporosis clearly shows that there is much more to the diet-bone relationship. Numerous studies show that optimal intakes of milk, as well as colorful fruits and vegetables are important protective factors for bone health. In addition, several nutrients, including magnesium, potassium, vitamin C, vitamin K, several B vitamins, and the carotenoids, aid in bone formation and maintenance. Protein intake is important for bone status, particularly in older adults, while preliminary research also shows the omega-3 fats might aid in strong bones. Regular intake of cola beverages shows negative effects and moderate alcohol intake shows positive effects on bone, particularly in older women.